|Philosophy 102: Introduction to
Philosophy of Religion
Matching (15 pts.) Match the key idea or
statement with the philosopher who used it.
|1. ___ Anselm
||A. "The heart has its reasons,
which reason does not know."
|2. ___ Aquinas
||B. "With Aquinas' five ways he
had near as possible, and yet he has proved five gods."
|3. ___ Paley
||C. "So then, no one who
understands what God is can conceive that God does not exist."
|4. ___ Pascal
||D. "The existence of God can be
proved in five ways."
|5. ___ Hume
||E. "Nor would it, I apprehend,
weaken the conclusion that we had never seen a watch made."
pts.) Match Aquinas's Proofs for God's existence with the key philosophical concepts upon
which they depend.
|1. ___ First Mover
||A. "The Great Chain of
|2. ___ First Cause
||B. The efficient factor.
|3. ___ Necessary Being
||C. Potentiality and Actuality.
|4. ___ Perfect Being
||D. Teleology in the world.
|5. ___ Great Designer
||E. Possibility and Necessity.
Short Essay: (50
pts.) Clearly answer any four of the following questions.
1. State Aquinas's argument to a First Cause in
detail. Why can't there be an infinite regress in causes?
2. State Paley's teleological argument in detail.
Give two major objections to his argument.
3. State Pascal's Wager. What is the main
objection to it?
4. State Aquinas' Argument to a Necessary Being
and give at least one objection.
5. State Aquinas' Argument to a Perfect Being and
give at least one objection to it.
Essay Question: (20 pts.) State
in detail Anselm's Ontological Argument and explain in detail at least three objections.