| ARGUMENTS | FALLACIES | DEFINITIONS | ANALOGIES | MILL'S
| SCIENTIFIC METHODS | DISCOVERY
and Sufficient Conditions (30 points): Put a check mark next to the best answer
to the following questions.
1. In the formula, "If A happens, then B happens," A is
said to be a _______ condition for B.
___ 2. Necessary
___ 3. Sufficient
2. Going to college is a _______ condition for having a good job.
3. A _______ condition is the condition in the absence of which a specific event cannot
4. Having ten dimes is a _______ condition for having a dollar.
5. Having fuel in the tank is a _______ condition for your car to run.
6. Being in Greenwood is a _______ condition for being in South Carolina.
7. Having a dollar is a _______ condition for having four quarters.
8. Experiencing some choices in your life is a _______ condition for a life of
9. Correctly striking a match is a _______ condition for the match lighting.
10. In the formula "If A, then B," B is said to be a
_______ condition for A.
II. Analogical Arguments (40 points): Set up the following analogical argument in
standard form. For each additional premiss suggested below, state how its addition to the
argument would affect the strength of the argument, and cite the relevant analogical
Jane has taken three science courses and found them very stimulating and valuable. So
she signs up for another one, confidently expecting that it too will be worthwhile.
1. Suppose that her previous science courses were in biology, chemistry, and physics.
2. Suppose that her previous science courses all had been taught by the
same professor who is scheduled to teach the present one.
3. Suppose that her previous science courses all had been taught by
Professor Jones, and the present one is taught by Professor Smith.
4. Suppose that Jane had found her three previous science courses the
most exciting intellectual experiences of her life.
5. Suppose that her previous science courses all had met at 9 A.M. and
that the present one is scheduled to meet at 9 A.M. also.
6. Suppose that, in addition to the three science courses previously
taken, Jane also had taken and enjoyed courses in botany, organic chemistry, astronomy,
Summary List of Criteria For Analogical Arguments
1. Number of entities.
2. Number of respects.
3. Strength of conclusion relative to premisses.
4. Similarities between entities in data base and conclusion.
5. Dissimilarities between entities in data base.
6. RelevanceCausal determination
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