Related Ideas

Logic of Chance. Göttinger Digitalisierungs Zentrum. John Venn's classic 1876 text online.

A Survey of Venn Diagrams. The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics. Comprehensive selection of uses and types of Venn diagrams from Frank Ruskey, Department of Computer Science, University of Victoria.

The Ecological Fallacy. Pre-print for Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods. A re-statement of Venn's "fatalistic fallacy." Many recent publications in sociology and statistical inference, unfortunately, have overlooked Venn for the first clearest statement of this fallacy although it is an essential contemporary problem in working with aggregate, or group-level, data.

The Ecological Fallacy. Short definitional entry and illustration of the fallacy.

U. S. Suicide Rates by Age, Gender, and Racial Group, NIMH, 2003