Philosophy 312: Oriental Philosophy
I. Even here at the beginning of the book, many important themes of the book are suggested.
B. The attempt to recognize Atman is the desire to attain unity [2 A].
C. Parent-Child relationship is the relationship between Siddhartha and his Father and later between Siddhartha and his son [2 A] [4-5].
D. Leader-Follower relationship is between Govinda and Siddhartha [2 D].
E. The Metaphor of the River is throughout the book.[3A].
F. The Psychology of the Individual is a central theme.[3C].
B. Brahmin (occasionally misused as "Brahman" by some authors) is a member of the highest class, traditionally a priest.
a. E.g., "As a man thinks, so is he." Most of our decisions can be predicted from our past decisions or character.
3. Atman is dependent on the divine or that part of the divine which is god-like in us.
4. "Smaller than the small" and "greater than the great" are also descriptions of Atman.
2. Sit in a straight-backed chair with good posture: feet can be crossed at the ankles, hands cupped together with thumbs interlaced.
3. Shut your eyes and breath in and out.
4. Concentrate on the furthermost point of exhalation only. When other thoughts intervene, note them, let them go, and go back to breathing.
5. Some persons mentally say "one" or "om" (the mantra) in place of concentrating of the point of exhalation.
6. Try this technique for ten or fifteen minutes a day for a week and see what the effects are. Do not meditate just before going to bed or before a period where you are about to do analytical thinking.
2. He wanted to follow Siddhartha; following Siddhartha his best chance to be at one with Atman.
2. To achieve the internal goals, he must turn his back on the external goals.
Ego or Esteem
Love and Belonginess
Security and Safety
Perhaps it is a burden to be born with everything. Perhaps, our parents should make us work for what we have. Cf., the psychological problem of affluenza.
heart: feeling type
soul: intuition type
(4) So Siddhartha's goal is to experience the profound knowledge of Self; hence, he is seeking practical knowledge or something like Aristotle's phronesis.
What good is knowledge, if one does not use it? Siddhartha concludes that knowledge has little value unless it is proved in experience.
2. Look at some common phrases from our culture:
(b) "The unexamined life is not worth living."
(c) Contrast "tend your own soul" with "Look out for number one."
4. Siddhartha's goal is to find the source within one's own Self—to possess it [5B].
2. What if Siddhartha's father had said "No" to his request? Siddhartha's Father had noted that Siddhartha had already (from a psychological point of view) left. This is one measure of the force of Siddhartha's personality.
3. Why does Siddhartha speak of himself in the third person? Others often have insight into our lives that we cannot see for ourselves. By seeing ourselves from a more objective view, we can become more aware of why we do what we do. Siddhartha's "overself" is taking charge of his life. Note the relation to the "active awareness" or self-observation of the Stoics.