Test: The Ethics of Duty and the Good
- The Ethics of Duty
Directions: Clearly explain the following concepts or principles and
give an example of each concept.
- The categorical imperative
- The practical imperative
- Action in accordance with duty and action performed for the sake of duty
- The Good
Directions: Answer any ten of the following question as clearly as
possible on a separate sheet of paper. Give an example for each
question. Brevity is the soul of misstatement.
- Why isn't morality a sufficient condition for happiness?
- What is the difference between justification and rationalization?
- What is the hedonistic paradox?
- What is the difference between contentment and satisfaction?
- What is the hedonistic calculus and what is Mill's objection?
- What is the difference between self-realization and happiness?
- Clarify the concept of "higher" versus "lower" pleasures. In
which class do you think the following would be included and why:
studying for an ethics exam, charting ideals for your life, getting a
good night's sleep before the exam.
- What criterion other than pleasure itself could distinguish between
higher and lower pleasures?
- State and explain three objections to simple hedonism.
- Is knowledge of ethics intrinsically good or instrumentally
- What is the difference between the concepts of ends and means
and the concepts of instrumental and intrinsic?
- What is the hedonistic paradox? Explain.
- Is the happiness of a drugged state as intrinsically good as the
state of a happy and productive person? Explain.
- What is value pluralism? What kinds of intrinsic good might
there be? Which ones ought to be sought for their own sake?
- Did Kent Bach miss something when he wrote the following?
"Right at this moment I see outside my window an old man tending
his garden. Now his wife has joined him. They spend much time
caring for their ephemeral flowers. Ignoring the beauty they sense,
I am struck by the utter futility of their efforts. Their flowers
bloom briefly, soon to wither away."