||Philosophy 203: Scientific Reasoning
Quiz: Kinds of Definitions
Directions: Identify the kind of definition presented in the following passages.
1. Solipsism is the insane belief that only one's self exists. All other parts of the universe, including other people, are unsubstantial figments in the mind of the single person who alone is truly real. It is almost the same as thinking one is God, and so far as I know, there has never been an authentic solipsist outside a mental institution or who in the past was not considered mad. (Martin Gardner, The Whys of a Philosophical Scrivener (New York: Quill, 1983, 11).
2. Now a new assemblage of Middle Cambrian fossils has been unearthed ... the real prize of the assemblage is an arthropod Collins has dubbed "Santa Claws" because of the five pairs of claws attached to its head (and because Collins thought of the fossil as a gift). Santa Claws has two unusual flaps on its side and a beaverlike tail, both of which Collins suspects helped to steer the fearsome creature. (S. Weisburd, "New Creatures Form the Cambrian," Science News, Vol. 128, No. 20, 309).
3. Philosophizing is the activity of thought itself, by which the essence of man, in its entirety is realized in the individual man. (Karl Jaspers, Reason and Existenz, quoted in W. Kaufmann, Existentialism, New American Library, 1975, 165).
4. In the simplest version of electroweak dynamics the spontaneous symmetry breaking arises out of an electrically neutral field called the Higgs field ... The Higgs field, if it exists, must assume a uniform, nonzero background value even in the vacuum. The idea that the vacuum "contains" anything, even a uniform, nonzero field, runs counter to the popular notion of the vacuum as empty space. (J. David Jackson, et. al., "The Superconducting Supercolllider," Scientific American, Vol. 254, No.3, 70).
5. An annotation is an initialized note or comment attached to your document in a separate Annotations pane. As the author, you can choose whether to incorporate the annotation into your document. (Ron Person, et. al., Using Word for Windows,: Que, 1992, 397).