Copyright © 2003 by Lee Archie; John G. Archie
The current version, Version 0.11, of this open source textbook in philosophy is a work-in-progress and is being released in draft form. The collaborators would be grateful for corrections or other suggestions to this preliminary draft. Please address comments to
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American Sociological Association. Charles A. Ellwood.
Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library. University of Pennsylvania. Adaptations: Charles Darwin with Friedrich Wöhler.
Antropologica, Helsinki, Finland. Edward Westermarck from The Edward Westermarck Memorial Lectures.
Antiquities Project. Aristotle; Epictetus; David Hume; Immanuel Kant; Map of the Roman Empire; John Stuart Mill; Nero Persecuting the Christians; Plato; Socrates.
www.thais.it. Balestrini, Bruno. The Erechtheion and Parthenon, (420-440 B.C.), Acropolis; Acropolis (about 500 B.C.) view from northwest. By permission.
The Edward Westermarck Memorial Lectures 1983-1997. Edward Westermarck.
GNU Free Documentation License. GNU Philosophical Gnu.
Goodrich, S. G. A History of All Nations, (New York: J. C. Derby & N. C. Miller, 1854), 710. A Greek Galley.
IIHR—Hydroscience and Engineering: History of Hydraulics Collection. University of Iowa. Pascal's Traitez de ľEquilibre des Liqueurs et de la Pesanteur de la Masse de ľAir. (detail).
H. D. Francis, In Memorium. Cambridge: private stamp, 1928. John Venn.
George M. Hopkins. Experimental Science. Vol. 1, Munn & Co., 1903. Detail of Mount of Newton's Rings for the Microscope.
India Post. Bertrand Russell: stamp commemorating 100 years birth-anniversary. Oct. 16, 1972.
Library of Congress. P&P Online Catalog. Cathedral, Marseilles, France (LC-DIG-ppmsc-05106); Ullswater and Eamont from Pooley Bridge, River District, England; Dartford, Messrs. Burroughs, Wellcome &'s Factory, London and suburbs, England (LC-DIG-ppmsc-08610); Interior of Bank, Creedmoor, North Carolina (LC-USF34-029264); Fort Defiance, Arizona (PAN US GEOG-Arizona no.2); Union Terrace, Aberdeen, Scotland (LC_DIG-ppmsc-07514); Marischal College, Aberdeen, Scotland (LC-DIG-ppmsc-07515); Religious sign on highway between Columbus and Augusta, Georgia (LC-USF34- 056459-D); The Quay, Helsinki, Finland (LC-DIG-ppmsc-03807); Trinity College, Cambridge (LC-DIG-ppmsc-08091); Crowds at Squires (PAN SUBJECT Sports no. 16); Socrates standing before seated group, engravings by L. P. Boitard (LC-USZ61-1502 and LC-USZ61-1502); Views from Morocco (LC-G396-T-0011, LCG396-T-0011); Trinity College, Cambridge (LC-DIG-ppmsc-08091); The Madeline and Rue Royale, Paris, France (LC-DIG-ppmsc-05184); Albert Camus (LC-USZ62-108028); Hollis Hall, Harvard College (HABS,MASS,9-CAMB,3D-); The Cemetary, Algiers, Algeria (LC-DIG-ppmsc-0552); Dr. Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa) (LC-USZ62-102275); Eagle Feather and Baby; Zitkala (Gertrude Bonnin) Dakota Sioux (LC-USZ62-119349); Fasting (LC-USZ62-99611); Winter Camp, Sioux Tepee (LC-USZ62-76221); Crow Dog, Souix Indian (LC-USZ62-102187); Prayer to the Mystery and Invocation (LC-USZ62-69325 and LC-USZ62-51434); Fish and Vegetable Market, Könisberg, East Prussia (LC-DIG-ppmsca-00741); University and Royal Gardens, Königsberg, East Prussia (LC-DIG-ppmsca-00738); Rauschen, Königsberg, East Prussia (LC-DIG-ppmsca-00743); The Tivoli Park, Copenhagen, Denmark (LC-DIG-pmsc-05757); Royal Theater, Copenhagen, Denmark (LC-DIG-pmsc-05751); Parthenon-—Near View (LC-USZ62-44291); The Acropolis, (Mt. Lycabettus in background) (LC-USZ62-44291); The Prison of Socrates and Statue of Pan, Theatre Bacchus (LC-USZ62-115215 and LC-USZ62-10897); Parthenon, view from southeast (LC-USZ62-44292); El Socrates, A. Bijur, 1859 and The Prison of Socrates, Athens, Greece (LC-USZ62-39939 and LC-USZ62-115215); The Parthenon, west and east sides (LC-USZ62-94169); (Edinburgh Canongate Tolbooth 1591 and Melrose Abbey (LC-USZ62-109096, LC-USZ62-109099); Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh (LC-DIG-ppmsc-07584); Athens, Greece, 400 BC (LC-H814-2654-002x); Parthenon (LC-USZ262-44291); General View from Mustapha, I, Algiers, Algeria (LC-DIG-ppmsc-00510); The Parthenon, far view, Athens, Greece (LC-USZ262-44291); Athens, Greece, 400 BC, Book illustration by Theodor Horydczak (LC-H814-2654-002x); The Parthenon, far view, Athens, Greece (LC-USZ262-44292); "Van der Werf" Park, Leyden, Holland (LC-DIG-ppmsc-05827)The Embankment, Rotterdam, Holland (LC-DIG-ppmsc-05842); A Tea Resale Establishment near Lincoln's Inn Fields (LC-USZ62-77448-E); The Royal Gallery, House of Lords, London, England (LC-USZ62-77448); High Street, Oxford, England (LC-DIG-ppmsc-08764); Houses of Parliment from the River(LC-DIG-ppmsc-08560); The University of Bonn, the Rhine (LC-DIG-ppmsc-00789); The Boat Landing, Lake Chautauqua, New York (Lot 12006); Switchtender on Pennsylvannia Railroad (Library of Congress, LC-USW33-025829-C); Three Peasants Walking to Market, Hungary (LC-USZ62-113783); Steelworker with Daughter, Ambridge, Pennsylvania (LC-USF34-062196-D); Harvard Gate, Harvard College (Lot 12003); (Harvard Medical College, Boston, Mass. (LC-D4-34452); Scene from "Othello" with Paul Robeson and Margaret Webster (LC-USW33- 054945-C) College of the City of New York (LC-D4-500724).
Library of Congress Rare Book & Special Collections Division. Persecution of Catholics by Hugenots; Frightful Outrates perpetrated by the Hugenots in France; Massacre Fait a Sens en Bourgogne par la Populace.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Death of Socrates (1787), Jacques-Louis David (French, 1748-1825) Catherine Lorillard Wolfe Collection; Wolf Fund, 1931 (31.45).
Fridtjof Nansen, Farthest North, Harper & Row, 1897. Engraving of Nansen, frontspiece; (detail) photograph of Fram, Nansen's ship.
National Æronautics & Space Administration. NSSDC Photo Gallery. View of North America from Apollo 16 (ID AS16-118-18873); Spectrum JPL; Asteriod Ida (ID P-42964).
National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration Photo Library. Tabulae Rudolphinae:quibus astronomicae… by Johannes Kepler, 1571-1630 (NOAA libr0312); Maria Mitchell (ID theb3534); Saxton Self-Registering Tide Gague (ID theb116)>
National Institute of Mental Health, National Center for Health Statistics. U. S. Suicide Rates by Age, Gender, and Racial Group, 03.28.2003
Denison Olmsted. An Introduction to Natural Philosophy, Charles Collins, 1844, 341. Mechanical Equivalent of Heat.
George A. Peltz. Grandpa's Stories. Hubbard, 1885, 285. Jonah Preaching to Nineveh.
Smith,William. A History of Greece. Boston: Hickling, Swan, and Brown, 1855. The Bema of the Pnyx at Athens, xxv; Homer Enshrined, 38; Coin of Athens, 107; The Propylæa of the Acropolis Restored, 255; Erechthēum Restored, from Southwest, 356; Side View of Thesēum, 593.
Smithsonian Institution. Bee on Hive (detail)
State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. Abraham and Isaac. Ferdinand Bol, etching, 17th Century.
Thoemmes Press: History of Ideas. Alexander Bain; August Comte; John Stuart Mill; Baruch Spinoza; William James; Blaise Pascal; Søren Kierkegaard; Socrates; David Hume; Relief of Plato.
Centre for Social Philosophy. Universitá di Pavia Galleries. George Edward Moore, Jean-Paul Sartre.
MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive. University of St. Andrews. Fredrich Engels; Plato.
Vatican Museums. The School of Athens, Raphael.
Portraits of Well-known Economists.The Warren J. Samuels Portrait Collection at Duke University. Jeremy Bentham; August Comte.
Hubbard Winslow. Moral Philosophy; Analytical, Synthetical, and Practical. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1856. Title page.
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