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Reading for Philosophical Inquiry: A Brief Introduction to Philosophical Thinking, An Open Source Reader,  version 0.21

The textbook is available in several formats, all are free, subject to the GFDL license: 

Chapters are available as Independent Readings in separate articles below in several formats.  

  • The HTML links in the table below are to the chapters in the online HTML textbook Reading for Philosophical Inquiry, version 0.21.

  • The PDF files in the table below are processed as separate articles without the chapter headings and  with minor formatting changes from the online PDF textbook, Reading for Philosophical Inquiry, version 0.21

  • The mp3 files in the table below (16 kHz, 24 kbps, single-ch., MPEG-2 Layer III) are text to speech output from the source SGML files (without  sidebar, image information, and questions) using the programs Festival and Lame
Article and Author Selection html pdf min:sec mp3
I. Introduction I. Personal Uses of Philosophy Part I. Personal Uses of Philosophy Personal Uses of Philosophy 6:21 Personal Uses of Philosophy, 6:21 minutes
1. Eds. Preface: Why Open Source? Why Open Source? Preface: Why Open Source 3:09 Why Open Source? 3:09 minutes
2. Eds. The Nature of Learning The Nature of Learning The Nature of Learning 24:33 The Nature of Learning 24:33 minutes
3. Eds. The Nature of Philosophical Inquiry The Nature of Philosophical Inquiry The Nature of Philosophical Inquiry 31:26 The Nature of Philosophic Inquiry, 31:26 minutes
4. Plato  "Just Do What's Right" from
The Apology
, Part I
Just Do What's Right 51:08 Plato, The Apology, Part I, 51:08 minutes
5. Plato  "Seek Truth Rather than Escape Death" from The Apology, Part II Seek Truth Rather Than Escape Death 17:04 Plato, The Apology, Part II, 17:04 minutes
6.  Russell "Enlargement of Self" from
Problems of Philosophy
Enlagrement of Self 17:04 Russell, The Enlargement of Self, 17:04 minutes
7. Tolstoy "Only Faith Can Give Meaning" from
A Confession
Only Faith Can Give Truth 30:40 Tolstoy, Only Faith Can Give Meaning, 30:40 minutes
8. Camus,  trans.
by Hélène Brown
"An Absurd Reasoning" from
Le Mythe de Sisphye
Le Mythe de Sisyphe Camus, Le Mythe de Sisyphe 10:58 Camus, Le Mythe de Sisyphe, 10:58 minutes
Introduction II. Philosophy of Religion Philosophy of Religion      
9. Eds. God and the World God and the World 2:18 God and the World, 2:18 minutes
10. Anselm "The Ontological Argument" from
The Proslogium
The Ontological Argument Anselm, The Ontological Argument 8:28 Anselm. The Ontological Argument, 8:28 minutes
11. Gaunilo "An Answer to Anselm" from
Pro Insipiente
An Answer to Anself Gaunilo, An Answer to Anselm 5:30 Gaunilo, An Answer to Anselm, 5:30 minutes
12. Kant "Existence Is Not a Predicate" from The Critique of Pure Reason Existence Is Not a Predicate Kant, Existence Is Not a Predicate 10:45 Kant, Existence Is Not a Predicate, 10:45 minutes
13. Aquinas "From the Nature of the Universe" from Summa Theologica From the Nature of the Universe Aquinas, From the Nature of the Universe 10:15 Aquinas, From the Nature of the Universe, 10:15 minutes
14. Paley "The Teleological Argument" from
Natural Theology
The Teleological Argument Paley, The Teleological Argument 10:52 Paley, The Teleological Argument, 10:52 minutes
15. Hume "Critique of the Design Argument" from Dialogues  Critique of the Design Argument Hume, Critique of the Design Argument 12:18 Hume, Critique of the Design Argument, 12:18 minutes
16. Pascal "The Wager" from
The Wager Pascal, The Wager 10:41 Pascal, The Wager, 10:41 minutes
17. Dostoevsky "The Problem of Evil" from 
The Brothers Karamazov
The Problem of Evil Dostoevsky, The Problem of Evil 29:45 Dostoevsky, The Problem of Evil, 29:45 minutes
Introduction III. Philosophical Ethics Philosophical Ethics      
18. Eds. Free Will and Determinism Free Will and Determinism Free Will and Determinism 10:45 Free Will and Determinism, 10:45 minutes
19. Spinoza "Human Beings are Determined" from
The Ethics
Human Beings Are Determined Spinoza, Human Beings aAe Determined 10:50 Spinoza, Human Beings are Determinied, 10:50 minutes
20. James "The Will to Believe" from The Will
to Believe and Other Essays
The Will to Believe James, The Will to Believe 20:52 James, The Will to Believe, 20:52 minutes
21. Plato "The Ring of Gyges" from
The Republic
The Ring of Gyges Plato, The Rihg of Gyges 9:11 Plato, The Myth of the Ring of Gyges, 9:11 minutes
22. Aristotle "Life of Excellence" from Nichomachean Ethics Life of Excellence: Living Well and Doing Well Aristotle, Life of Excellence 33:34 Aristotle, The Life of Excellence, 33:34 minutes
23. Bentham "Happiness the Greatest Good" from Principles of Morals and Legislation Happiness Is the Greatest Good Bentham, Happiness Is the Greatest Good 22:23 Bentham, Happiness is the Greatest Good, 22:23 minutes
24. Nietzsche "Slave and Master Morality" from
Beyond Good and Evil
Slave and Master Morality Nietzsche, Slave and Master Morality 20:32 Nietzsche, Slave and Master Morality,  20:32 minutes
25. Sartre "Man Makes Himself"  Man Makes Himself Sartre, Man Makes Himself 53:07 Sartre, Man Makes Himself, 53:07 minutes
Introduction IV. Epistemology Epistemology and Metaphysics      
26. Comte "Postive Philosophy" from Cours de Philosophie Positive Postitive Philosophy Comte, Positive Philosophy 5:13 Comte, Positive Philosophy, 5:13 minutes
27. Engels "Scientific Determinism" from 
Ludwig Feuerbach
Science of Natural Processes Engels, Scientific Determinism 10:33 Engels, Scientific Determinism,  10:33 minutes
28. Mill "A Science of Human Nature" from A System of Logic A Science of Human Nature Mill, A Science of Human Nature 9:33 Mill, A Science of Human Nature, 9:33 minutes
29. Joachim "Coherence Theory of Truth" from The Nature of Truth Coherence Theory of Truth Joachim, Coherence Theory of Truth 16:49 Joachim, The Coherence Theory of Truth, 16:49 minutes
30. James "Pragmatic Theory of Truth" from Pragmatism Pragmatic Theory of Truth James, Pragmatic Theory of Truth 25:12 James, The Pragmatic Theory of Truth, 25:12 minutes
31. Russell "What is Truth?" from Problems of Phiosophy What is Truth? Russell, What is Truth? 20:47 Russell, What is Truth?,  20:47 minutes
32. Aristotle "The Sea Fight Tomorrow" from On Interpretation The Seafight Tomorrow Aristotle, The Sea Fight Tomorrow 10:50 Aristotle, The Seafight Tomorrow, 10:53 minutes
33. James "What Makes A Life Significant? What Makes a Life Significant? James, What Makes a Life Significant?

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