Introduction to Philosophy
Ethics and Philosophical Ethics
Aristotle, "Happiness Is
1. __________Aristotle believes that the good of
something can be found by examining what its function is or for what it is used.
2. __________Aristotle points out that if you
wish to change your life, you should first try to change your habits and character, not a
specific act or state of mind.
3. __________The thing which everyone seeks is
pleasure, according to Aristotle. Everything else is secondary.
4. __________Moral virtue is based upon habit,
and intellectual excellence or virtue is based on teaching, experience, and time.
5. __________Aristotle believed that pleasure can
only be achieved as a side-product of activity, and indeed pleasure can be defined as
6. __________The doctrine of the mean states that
we should always decide in advance what our mean is; our mean cannot be known through
7. __________Aristotle says that we should avoid
extremes in moral excellence; consequently, one shouldn't be too good at anything,
8. __________He believes that the right amount of
any virtue or excellence of a person can only be known by examining our own past
experience and emulating those who have already attained excellence.
9. __________If Aristotle is correct, the best
thing to do to get out of depression is to act--to do anything, to move.
10. __________Aristotle believes that a person
can have pleasures and still not be happy.