|Philosophy 102: Introduction to
Ethics and Philosophical Ethics
W. T. Stace,
"Ethics Aren't Relative"
1. __________Ethical absolutism is the doctrine
that there is one eternally true and valid moral code which applies to everyone.
2. __________Ethical relativism is the doctrine that ethical codes are universal to all
persons even though specific moral rules might differ from person to person.
3. __________The ethical relativist believes that
the very same kind of action which is right in one country and period may be wrong in
4. __________Since everyone cannot agree on
whether there is an absolute moral standard, this proves that there is no absolute moral
5. __________Only people who believe in God believe in ethical absolutism.
6. __________The ethical relativist is forced by logic to believe that there can be no
moral progress in civilization and in a person's life.
7. __________The ethical absolutist points out
that the relativist cannot prove that Nazi Germany is any better or worse than the present
day United States.
8. __________Stace argues that if ethical relativism were true, then in the end, every
person is bound by no standard but what he can make up.
9. __________The ethical absolutist agrees that
the universal moral standard has not as yet been formulated.
10. __________Although Stace is an absolutist, he
believes that there is no logical inconsistency in being a relativist, if the relativist
realizes that there can be no moral standards.