312: Oriental Philosophy
Test: Course Review
Directions: Answer the following questions as accurately and
thoroughly as possible:
1. Why does Siddhartha speak of himself in the third-person?
2. What did Siddhartha mean when he tried to conquer the Self?
3. What inconsistency did Siddhartha find in the Buddhas teaching?
4. Is Buddhism really inconsistent in this way?
5. How are ordinary people superior to the thinkers of the world?
6. With realization, samsara and nirvana become one. What does this mean?
7. What does it mean to say that Atman is no less than Brahman?
8. Explain, "Every deed I do for myself insulates my ego from the world."
9. What kind of yoga is closest to Taoism? Why?
10. What kind of yoga is closest to Zens zazen? Why?
11. What are the risks of mind development through advanced meditation?
12. Contrast moksha with satori.
13. Contrast samadhi with nirvana.
14. One aspect of karma is that everyone gets what he deserves. Explain.
15. How is the law of karma related to the quotation: "Your present thoughts
and decisions determine your future states"?
16.Contrast the Zen Master with Chun-tzu.
17. Contrast the Bodhisattva and the Arhat.
18. What is Buddha-nature?
19. What is the intuitive wisdom of the body?
20. Contrast the te of Taoism with the te of Confucianism.
Directions: Identify the philosophy and explain the meaning of
the following lines:
1. "How wondrously strange, and how miraculous this! I draw water, I carry
2. "Whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever sacrifice, whatever you give away,
whatever austerity you practice, O Son of Kunti, do this as an offering to me."
3. "Or the worth of an act lies in timing, then peace is the goal of the Way by which
no one ever goes astray."
4. "You shall give life to things, but never possess them..."
5. "The things which weigh heavily upon my mind are these: failure to improve the
virtues, failure in discussion of what is learned, inability to walk according to
knowledge received as to what is right and just, inability also to reform what has been